LEARN INDONESIAN FOOD

Learn Indonesian food is quite quick to master, and is of greatest use when buying food at markets or restaurants.The Indonesian language is fairly simple to understand when it comes to food. makan is both the verb ‘to eat’ and a general word for food. A restaurant is a ‘eating house’, rumah makan and dinner is ‘night food’, makan malam.

The three options for eating out in Indonesia are at the hotel, at the many restaurants around the town or city, such as nasi padang type restaurants, or at the temporary street side stalls, warung, which is the cheapest option.

where is a….?
dimana ada….?
restaurant
rumah makan
cheap restaurant
rumah makan murah
food stall
warung
night market
pasar malam

At The Restaurant

Learn Indonesian food will ensure you get what you want...

we would like a table for two, please
minta meja untuk dua orang
is there a table for two available?
ada meja untuk dua orang?
please bring….
boleh minta….
the menu
daftar makanan
a glass of water
segelas air putih
the bil
bon
I can’t eat….
saya tidak boleh makan….
milk and cheese
susu dan keju
eggs
telur
meat
daging
prawns
udang
this isn’t cooked properly
ini belum matang
not too spicy please
jangan terlalu pedas, ya
this is delicious
makanan ini enak

At The Market

The local food markets are always a busy place for Indonesians, as many buy fresh food on a daily basis, rather than once a week. Here you will see many of the local types of fruits and vegetables laid out, so if you are unfamiliar with the item for sale, you can usually buy just one, or a small sample, to taste first, before you buy them in any quantity.
Some of the local fruits are rambutan, a bright red fruit covered in soft, hairy spines, with a lychee-like sweet white flesh. There is the mangosteen, manggis, which has a thick purple-brown outer skin and white flesh. The salak is the fruit of the zalacca palm, with a ‘snakeskin’ like brown skin, and a crunchy, nutty type of flavour. Jackfruit nangka are a large fruit, and is often broken into smaller pieces for sale. The flesh is rubbery and sweet, with a strong flavour.
The durian is also a large fruit, covered in small spike like outer skin. and rich creamy flesh. The smell is very pungent and distinct, which can put many people off. They are an acquired taste and worth a try if you haven’t tasted them before. Learn indonesian food is really useful when visiting the markets.
When buying at the market, the following phrases will be used often:

how much is a kg of….?
berapa sekilo….?
a kg of…., please
minta sekilo….
I don’t want that one
jangan yang itu
please give me another one
tolong kasih saya yang lainnya

Meals

breakfast
makan pagi / sarapan
lunch
makan siang
dinner
makan malam

Meat

meat (general term)
daging
beef
daging sapi
brains
otak
chicken
ayam
duck
daging bebek
heart
jantung
lamb
domba
liver
hati
goat
kambing

Fruits & Nuts

fruits & nuts (general term)
buah & kacang
apples
apel
banana
pisang
coconut
kelapa
coconut (young, still green color)
kelapa muda
durian
durian
jackfruit
nangka
lemon
jeruk nipis
mangosteen
manggis
mango
mangga
orange
jeruk manis
pawpaw
papaya
peanuts
kacang
pineapple
nanas
starfruit
belimbing
strawberry
arbei

Vegetables

A lot of vegetables are simply called sayur, without having an individual name. If you are a vegetarian, you can say sayur saja, vegetables only, or tanpa daging, without meat.

Learn Indonesian food will ensure you buy the vegetables that you want...

vegetables (general term)
sayur
beans
buncis
cabbage
kol
carrot
wortel
cauliflower
bunga kol
corn
jagung
cucumber
timun
eggplant
terong
onion
bawang
potato
kentang
pumpkin
labu kuning
tomato
tomat

Staples

bread
roti tawar
noodles
mie
rice (uncooked)
beras
rice (cooked)
nasi

Snacks

biscuits
biskuit
egg
telur
boiled egg
telur rebus
fried egg
telur goreng
poached egg
telur ceplok
omelette
telur dadar
cake
kue
sweets
manisan

Spices & Condiments

chilli
cabe
cinnamon
kayu manis
cloves
cengkeh
curry
kari
garlic
bawang putih
ginger
jahe
oil (cooking)
minyak goreng
pepper
lada
salt
garam
soy sauce
kecap asin
sweet soy sauce
kecap manis
sugar
gula
turmeric
kunyit
vinegar
cuka

Seafood

crab
kepiting
freshwater fish
ikan tambak
lobster
udang karang
mussels
kerang
oysters
tiram
prawns
udang
saltwater fish
ikan laut
squid
cumi-cumi

Drinks

Hot Drinks

coffee
kopi
tea
teh
with milk
dengan susu
without milk
tanpa susu
with sugar
dengan gula
without sugar
tanpa gula

Cold Drinks
beer
bir
drinking water
air putih
choclate
coklat
citrus juice
es juice
coconut milk
es kelapa
cordial
sirup
ginger tea
teh jahe
ice
es
with ice
dengan es
without ice (no ice)
tanpa es
milk
susu

Cooking Methods

baked
panggang
boiled
rebus
fried
goreng
grilled
bakar
steamed
kukus
smoked
asap

Special Dishes

All across Indonesia, different regions have their own special dishes, and most of the local street stalls and restaurants is where you can try them. Here are a few of them:

chicken soup
sop ayam
cooked vegetables with peanut sauce
gado-gado
meat grilled on skewers
sate
mixed vegetables (Chinese dish)
cap cai
noodle soup
mie kuah
pancake (Indonesian style)
martabak
rice (cooked)
nasi
boiled or steamed rice
nasi putih
fried rice
nasi goreng
rice and vegetables
nasi sayur
rice mixed with other food (meat, vegetables)
nasi campur
roast goat
kambing guling
roast pig
babi guling

Some Useful Phrases

I’m sorry but this table is reserved
maaf, tapi meja ini sudah dipesan
we’re in a hurry, please bring our food quickly
kami terburu-buru, tolong bawa makanan kami secepatnya
please bring the bill
minta bon

Some Useful Words

Learn Indonesian food will help you to get what you are after...

ashtray
asbak
bitter
pahit
boil
merebus
boiled
rebus
cold
dingin
cook (to cook)
masak
delicious
enak
eat (to eat)
makan
foreign
asing
fresh
segar
fry (fried)
goreng
hot
panas
indigenous
asli
salty
asin
slice (to slice)
iris
sour
asam
spicy
pedas
sweet
manis
toothpick
tusuk gigi
unripe / uncooked
mentah


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