LEARN INDONESIAN IN THE COUNTRY

Directions

Learn Indonesian in the country comes in handy if you go hiking or camping in Indonesia, as most terms given for directions are compass points, and not left or right. The compass points are:

where is….?
dimana….?
north
utara
south
selatan
east
timur
west
barat
north-west
barat laut
north east
timur laut
south-west
barat daya
south-east
tenggara

In Bali ‘north’ can traditionally mean ‘towards the mountains’ so check you are getting the correct ‘north’

Weather

what is the weather like?
bagimana cuacanya?
today it is….
hari ini….
cloudy
mendung
cold
dingin
warm
hangat
hot
panas
flooding
banjir
humid
lembab
rain (raining)
hujan
raining lightly
gerimis
raining heavily
hujan lebat
wet
basah
wind
angin
windy
berangin
what time is….?
jam berapa….?
sunrise
matahari terbit
sunset
matahari terbenam

Geographical Terms

beach
pantai
bridge
jembatan
cave
gua
city
kota
estuary
kuala
forest
hutan
harbor
pelabuhan
hill
bukit
hot spring
mata air panas
island
pulau
lake
danau
mountain
gunung
plain
dataran
river
sungai
sea
laut
valley
lembah
village
desa
waterfall
air terjun

Plants & Agriculture

agriculture
pertanian
cloves
cengkeh
coconut
kelapa
coconut palm
pohon kelapa
corn
jagung
firewood
kayu bakar
flower
bunga
fruit tree
pohon buah
irrigation
pengairan
leaf
daun
planting
menanam
rice field
sawah
rice terrace
petak sawah
sugar cane
tebu
tobacco
tembakau
tree
pohon
wood
kayu

Animals & Birds

bird
burung
buffalo
kerbau
cat
kucing
chicken
ayam
cow
sapi
crocodile
buaya
dog
anjing
fish
ikan
frog
kodok
goat
kambing
horse
kuda
leech
lintah
lion
singa
monkey
monyet
pig
babi
rooster
ayam jantan
sheep
domba
snake
ular
spider
laba-laba
tiger
harimau
whale
ikan paus

Insects

insect (in general)
serangga
ant
semut
butterfly
kupu-kupu
cockroach
kecoa
fly
lalat
mosquito
nyamuk

Outdoor Activities

mountain climbing
mendaki gunung
diving
menyelam
fishing
memancing
hunting
berburu
surfing
berselancar
swimming
berenang

Some Useful Phrases

are there tourist attractions near here?
ada tempat pariwisata dekat sini?
is it safe to swim here?
aman berenang disini?
are there caves here?
ada gua disini?
where is the nearest village
dimana desa yang paling dekat
is it safe to climb this mountain?
aman mendaki gunung ini?
is there a hut up there?
apakah ada pondok di atas?
do I need a guide
apakah saya perlu pemandu wisata?

Some Useful Words

backpack
ransel
campground
tempat kemah
camping
berkemah
cloud
awan
compass
kompas
dry season
musim kering / kemarau
earth
bumi
fog
kabut
mat
tikar
moon
bulan
mud
lumpur
rainy season
musim hujan
rope
tali
sky
langit
smoke
asap
storm
badai
stove
kompor
sun
matahari
tent
tenda
torch (flashlight)
senter


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