LEARN INDONESIAN PRONUNCIATION
To learn Indonesian pronunciation is fairly easy, as it is a phonetic language, with each single letter representing one sound. With a couple of exceptions the sounds are the same every time and require equal emphasis. Generally, the second-to-last syllable in a word is stressed, and in sentences, stress is on the most important word.
a like the ‘u’ in ’hut’ or ‘up’
a short sound, like the ‘e’ in ‘earn’, when it is unstressed, in which case it is hardly pronounced at all, or like the ‘e’ in ‘café’ when it is stressed. A stressede
at the end of a word is a little longer, but the stress can also fall on other syllables.
like the ‘i’ in ‘unique’. The length of the sound doesn’t alter
similar to the ‘o’ sound in either ‘hot’ or ‘cold’
is in the ‘oo’ in ‘too’, only shorter
There are also three vowel combinations; al
. The first two sounds are true diphthongs; the ua
is a combination of sounds
sounds like ‘i’ in ‘like’
sounds like a drawn out ‘ow’ like ‘cow’
begins with the sound of ‘oo as in ‘too’ and ends with the ‘ah’ sound in’hut’, with a glide, like a slight ‘w’ sound
The pronunciation of consonants is very straightforward. Each is pronounced consistently, and most sound like English
b as in the ‘b’ in ‘better’ at the beginning or middle of a word and as in the ‘b’ in ‘rub’ (almost a ‘p’ sound) at the end of a word
as in the ‘p’ in ‘lip’
‘ch’ as in ‘cheese’
always pronounced hard, as in the ‘g’ in ‘garden’
always prounced as the ‘ng’ in ‘sing’
pronounced as ‘dj’. It’s the sound you hear at the beginning of ‘join’
pronounced very clearly and distinctly. It is always slightly trilled
is always pronounced. It is stressed a little more strongly than in English.
pronounced the same as the English ‘k’, unless it appears at the end of a word, when you should soften it, stopping just short of actually saying the ’k’
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